Chemotherapy is one of the most common forms of cancer treatment. This procedure involves using potent drugs to kill the fast-growing cancer cells in our body. Doing this helps kill unwanted tumour cells, shrink a tumour before surgically removing it, or relieve cancer symptoms. Since chemotherapy involves using different kinds of drugs that are strong, it may bring about side effects based on the type of drug being used.
It informs about the results of experimental and clinical research in haematology and oncology, focussing more on experimental therapeutics associated with the field of chemotherapy and immunotherapy. MO also provides reviews on experimental and clinical therapies in haematology and oncology.
Targeted therapy is a type of cancer treatment that involves using drugs. But unlike chemotherapy, instead of directly aiming at cancer cells, these drugs kill various factors that could contribute to the development of cancer. This could include proteins, genes, tissue environment, etc. These genes and proteins are found in cancer cells or cells related to cancer growth, like blood vessel cells. This form of treatment is usually combined with chemotherapy and other forms of treatment. Targeted therapy may either make use of monoclonal antibodies or small molecule drugs. They aren’t necessarily effective as it is a very complex form of treatment. Targeted therapy is mainly used in the treatment of breast cancers, lung cancers, colorectal cancers and melanomas.
This type of treatment is also used in the treatment of cancers. This method of treatment involves boosting the body’s natural defence systems to fight cancer. This form of treatment focuses on the immune system rather than cancer directly. Immunotherapy focuses on slowing or entirely stopping the growth of cancer cells or preventing it from spreading to different parts of the body. Some common forms of immunotherapy include Monoclonal antibodies and tumour-agnostic therapies, Non-specific immunotherapies, Oncolytic virus therapy, T-cell therapy or cancer vaccines.
These are cancers that mainly affect the blood, bone marrow and lymph nodes. These cancers are either called leukaemia, lymphoma or myeloma, based on the type of blood cell that has been affected. The cells involved in haematological cancers are directly connected to the immune system, so having this type of cancer will affect your immune system.
Surgery is a form of treatment for cancer. This treatment involves removing the solid tumour cells and surrounding tissues to further prevent the growth or spread of cancer skills. Surgical oncologists are responsible for treating cancer with surgery. Surgery can also help to diagnose, remove, locate, or understand the spread of the effect of cancer cells in the body. It helps get rid of the side effects caused by cancer and bring back the body’s function and its original appearance.
Leukaemia is a cancer of the blood. It forms when blood cells in the bone marrow malfunction and form cancerous cells. The cancerous blood cells then overrun the normal blood cells. This interferes with the body's ability to fight infections, control bleeding, and deliver oxygen to normal cells. The cancerous cells can also invade the spleen, liver, and other organs. The onset of leukaemia can be acute (sudden onset) or chronic (slow onset). In acute leukaemia, cancer cells multiply quickly. In chronic leukaemia, the disease progresses slowly, and early symptoms may be very mild.
Breast cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the breasts. It occurs mostly in women and, in some cases, men get breast cancer too. To treat and manage breast cancer, doctors develop a treatment plan based on size and location of the tumour in the breast, the results of lab tests done on the cancer cells, and the stage, or extent, of the disease. Your doctor will usually consider your age and general health as well as your feelings about the treatment options. Doctors also work on developing a plan that not only will eradicate cancer but also reduce the chance of cancer returning in the breast, as well as reduce the chance of cancer travelling to a location outside of the breast.
Lung cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the lungs. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide. People who smoke have the greatest risk of lung cancer, though lung cancer can also occur in people who have never smoked. There are two major types of lung cancer; non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Causes of lung cancer include smoking, second-hand smoke, exposure to certain toxins and family history. Symptoms include a cough (often with blood), chest pain, wheezing and weight loss. These symptoms often don't appear until the cancer is advanced. Treatments vary but may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy and immunotherapy.
Gastrointestinal (GI) cancer is a term used for the group of cancers that affect the gastrointestinal tract and other organs that are contained within the digestive system, including the oesophagus, pancreas, stomach, colon, rectum, anus, liver, biliary system, and small intestine. Common types of GI cancers include Colon and Rectal Cancer, Liver Cancer, Stomach cancer, Pancreatic Cancer, and Oesophageal Cancer.(Read More)
Breast-conserving surgery (BCS) refers to an operation that aims to remove breast cancer while avoiding a mastectomy. Other terms for this operation include lumpectomy, wide local excision, segmental resection, tylectomy, and quadrantectomy. BCS has been increasingly accepted as an alternative to mastectomy in specific patients, as it provides tumour removal while maintaining an acceptable cosmetic outcome.(Read More)
Hepatobiliary cancers include cancers of the bile ducts (Cholangiocarcinoma), liver or gallbladder. Cancer is the leading cause of biliary tract obstruction, after gallstones. Cancers which can obstruct the biliary tract include tumours arising from the biliary tract itself, such as cholangiocarcinoma or gallbladder carcinoma, tumours arising from liver tissue, such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and metastatic tumours that have spread to the liver from other locations, such as colorectal or breast cancer. Benign tumours of soft tissue are more common than benign tumours of bone.(Read More)
Laparoscopy is a type of surgical procedure that doesn’t require large incisions; hence it is called keyhole surgery or minimally invasive surgery. This is performed using an instrument called the laparoscope, which is basically a small tube with a light source and a camera. Small instruments are used to conduct the surgery, while the ara is pumped with gas to make space.(Read More)
Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to diagnose and treat problems in your chest. During a VATS procedure, a tiny camera (thoracoscope) and surgical instruments are inserted into your chest through one or more small incisions in your chest wall. The thoracoscope transmits images of the inside of your chest onto a video monitor, guiding the surgeon in performing the procedure.(Read More)
An appendectomy is a surgical procedure conducted to remove the vermiform appendix, which is a small, tube-shaped pouch attached to your large intestine located in the lower right side of your abdomen. This surgery is performed when the patient is diagnosed with acute appendicitis, an inflammatory condition of the appendix. The surgery may be performed both laparoscopically or as open surgery.
Diagnostic laparoscopy is a minimally invasive surgery that is done to look for or diagnose problems in the abdomen. This is performed using an instrument called the laparoscope, which is basically a small tube with a light source and a camera.
- Small Bowel Resection
- Lymph Node Biopsy
Oncopatholgy is a branch of science which deals with the study of unusual, developing and multiplying portions of the body that are termed to be neoplasms or tumours. Basically, it is the branch of science dealing with cancer. It helps in studying malignant and non-malignant tumours, metastasis, tumorigenesis, and carcinogenesis etc.
Clinical pathology supports the diagnosis of disease using laboratory testing of blood and other bodily fluids, tissues, and microscopic evaluation of individual cells. Clinical pathologists work in close collaboration with clinical scientists (clinical biochemists, clinical microbiologists, etc.), medical technologists, hospital administrators, and referring physicians to ensure the accuracy and optimal utilisation of laboratory testing.
- Ketogenic diet
- Hungerless weight loss
- PCOD/ PCOS Diet Counselling
Back surgery is a procedure that aims to change a patient's anatomy, such as removing a herniated disc that is causing pain, with the purpose of providing pain relief. Back surgeries vary, with some procedures minimally invasive and allowing for quick recovery and others more extensive and requiring longer recoveries.
Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It can affect one joint or multiple joints. There are more than 100 different types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. Two of the most common types are osteoarthritis (OA) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Treatment mainly consists of self-care and physiotherapy.
- Road accidents
- All kinds of joint replacements
A fever can be bacterial or viral. Viral fever is any fever that is caused by an underlying viral illness, from the common cold to the flu. The doctor may tell you to take blood tests such as your white blood cells to count to detect any viral infection. Viral Fever Treatment includes taking over-the-counter fever reducers, such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen, drinking plenty of fluids, taking antiviral medications, such as oseltamivir phosphate (Tamiflu), when applicable or sitting in a lukewarm bath to bring your body temperature down.
Diabetes Management refers to the restoration of carbohydrate metabolism in the patient’s body to a normal state. It is done by balancing food intake with medication and activity. Patients with an absolute deficiency of insulin are prescribed insulin replacement therapy, which is given through injections or an insulin pump.
- Skin Allergies
- Vaccination or Immunisation
- Treatment of Infectious Diseases
Anaesthesia is given to patients while performing medical procedures to induce a temporary loss of sensation or awareness in a controlled manner. This could be a combination of analgesics to prevent feeling pain, paralytic drugs to help with muscle relaxation, amnesia-inducing drugs to cause temporary memory loss, and drugs to induce unconsciousness.
This kind of anaesthesia technique involves inducing an absence of sensation to a particular part of the body. This kind of anaesthesia is given before performing minor procedures. However, other local parts around the said area might also lose sensation.
This includes a combination of medicines that help you relax, i.e. a sedative as well as blocks your pain, i.e. anaesthesia while performing simple medical procedures. This kind of sedation helps you recover quickly, and you can get back to your daily routine.
- Regional anaesthesia
- General anaesthesia
- Pain Management services